Do photos taken by you let you down? Well, you are not alone. Taking a stunning picture is harder than most of us think. Photography is more about how it is shot instead of what is shot. Even the most exotic subjects and scenes can be awful if photographer doesn’t have strong sense of how to capture the shot the way they like to turn out. The whole process of taking shot is composition. Here are the rules to consider.
The Golden Ratio
It is slightly more advanced than the Rule of Thirds. Though it is designed on mathematical concept, it can be found all around nature. It theoretically explains why certain objects found really pleasing. The Golden Spiral and the Golden Rectangle is a design found widely in animals, plants, and other natural forms, which describes this ratio. The ratio can easily be simplified as 1 to 1.6. The Golden Ratio explains the relationship between filled space and empty space. For every bit of filled space, you should have around 1.6 bits of space to balance it well.
The Rule of Thirds
It is the first part of photography theory that can be learned for lots of photographers. If you already know about it, you may skip to next point. Or pay attention because it is very important rule to learn.
Your attention must be on subject but it is drawn most in the center. It works but it feels off sometimes. In most cases, a well-centered image loses the sense of balance. So, you have to follow the Rule of Thirds. Split a picture in 3×3 Grid and look at four corners of center. They are actually intersection points of ‘thirds’ – third from the bottom, third from the top, from the right and from the left. Put a subject in one of these spots when it comes to shoot. Stock photography experts do it a lot as it is the best way to make pictures more attractive.
The Rules of Gestalt
Gestalt Photography is a concept which came into existence in the late 1800s and this theory explained how we can get sensible perceptions in the chaotic world. Few decades later, photographers had been applying the theory to capture beautiful shots and got remarkable outcomes. The principles are little vague and abstract but they are helpful.
- Figure – We are used to differentiate objects when we contrast with their background. Position the subject and ensure they are defined clearly by space around. This way, viewers may perceive what is going to be the focus.
- Similarity – We are used to perceive objects in the group of objects as the same pattern or group. The kind of the object can be defined by its shape, color and overall feel.
- Closure – Our brain can see patterns and follow contours even though there are gaps and holes in patterns and contours. Based on how you are going to frame the scene, the viewer may look patterns and shapes which don’t exist actually and it can produce more attractive image.
- Proximity – We perceive objects in close proximity to one another in a group. Group things together, either with depth or position. It can create a feel of balance through the photo.
- Balance – As explained in the Golden Ratio and Rule of Thirds, balance is very important for aesthetic beauty. It could be symmetry and it adds a feel of equilibrium.
You may want a picture to grab the eyes of viewers somewhere, especially on a specific path. It is one of the most valuable concepts. A lot of people move to the center by starting from the top left. But it is not the case as always. You should provide a direct route to grab the eyes and it can be done only with leading lines. It can be anything like fences, roads, walls, tree branches, silhouettes or even natural contours.
Background and Foreground
Capturing the essence and beauty of a three-dimensional view into two-dimensional picture is most challenging part of photography. As a result, a static, flat image has no life. So, you have to have a background and foreground on the photo to complement the subject and trick your brain to think a 2D image into 3D one.